Root canal treatment
Root canal treatment is indicated when:
- the decay is deep and close to the tooth pulp
- the tooth is broken and a conventional restoration cannot restore it properly
- the pulp is irritated by trauma
- the tooth requires a crown supported by a pivot
Under such conditions, the patient may develop pain and / or a dental infection (abscess). The root canal will allow the patient to keep their tooth by eliminating the pain, swelling and discomfort associated with it. It will help maintain masticatory function and dental aesthetics.
Root canal treatment involves removing the inflamed or infected pulp. The pulp is the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels.
Once the pulp is removed, the dentist cleans the canal by widening it and disinfecting it. Subsequently, he fills it with cement and rubber (gutta-percha). After the canal is well cleaned and sealed, the dentist restores the part of the tooth above the gum line. At this time, he can place a conventional restoration, a ceramic restoration or a crown supported by a pivot.
In the event of a serious infection, the dentist should complete the root canal treatment over two or more sessions in order to properly control it. Usually, root canal treatment requires only one session.